Activity in Spain In Spain, the forensic economist activity is not specifically regulated and is not necessary licensing or membership of any professional group while the professional schools of economists, the Institute of chartered accountants and business (commercial Graduates and Diploma in business) have specific records in their respective professional corporations and issue recommendations through courses or technical standards, requiring a commitment to lifelong training and retraining of its members. The presence of Coroner financial professional in judicial matters related to economics, accounting and business as an independent expert. In Spain, its appointment may be initiated from the lists corporations and professional associations annually forwarded to the respective courts, to be used by the judges themselves if they so wish, or for self-designation of the parties if considered appropriate provide an opinion to supplement his claim or complaint.The remuneration of forensic economic expert is not regulated by any public duty and it is the parties who set freely by virtue of the complexity of the tasks assigned and the experience or expertise of the professional performer. In court the expert operational economic corresponds to reveal the facts and the judge must rule on them, “the expert must show only the truth or falsity of the facts alleged against or ventilate” (R. Garcia Micot Moleno R. Garc a de la Vega), ie, the economic expert’s opinions, like any other evidence, do not bind the judge’s opinion that, in light of other evidence, will make his decision freely.
Since then, as in the work of creative workshop of Andrea Kislyuk including Romano Osadchy, the idea of creating a new direction. Roman Osadchy – a talented programmer. Over the years he worked on projects such as: development, creation and support site for "Radio Baltica" and the Baltic Media Group; cooperation with the press – Service Nikolai Baskov; Design and build sites for the recording studio "2Samoleta; Development and Computer Database "Press about Putin" to Group of Eight Summit of 2006 and much more. In April 2007, Roman Osadchy organized and led a new trend in creative workshops Andrew Kislyuk – Creative it projects. The work of Creative it projects "is based on the following scheme.
This scheme allows you to maximize the space of the Internet to solve their business problems. Step 1. Development original design for your site. Because of the nature of your company, we create the appropriate style to your design. Step 2. Creating a site template.
In our work we use the latest technologies in the field Internet design. From creating the right template dependent speed of loading pages and further indexing of your site in search engines. Step 3. Implementation of the developed design optimally suitable for Your needs Content Management System (CMS) Content Management System (CMS) – a suite of software that allows you to update information on this site. There are different types of cms. Some are useful for information portals, others – for the music There are paid and free cms (CMS open source). Many varieties. Based on the direction of your company, we select the cms, best suits the goals and objectives of a corporate site. If necessary, we are developing additional modules that allow greater control over the content of your site. Step 4. Accommodation at the remote host (optional) If you are new to the computer technology or do not want to think over how, where and why should physically based your site, we ourselves hosted turnkey website on the most suitable hosting. Step 5. Promotion and advancement in the search systems. To ensure that your site was not only a business card, but also generates income, it is necessary to "make work". To do this he must be on the front pages of major search engines (Yandex, Google, Yahoo, Rambler, etc.). at the request of your keywords. We will conduct a comprehensive job of promoting your website (registration site in search engines, directories and other information resources, optimization, placement information and articles in the most blogs, the development of contextual advertising and press releases). Step 6. Support web site. If your company there is no one to do moderation of the site (information, news updates, design, monitoring and removal unwanted messages in the guest book, etc.), we will provide you our services in this direction. We wish success to Roman Osadchy in the development of a new direction and developing custom advertising solutions in the Global Network Internet!
From mercantilism and physiocracy until today. I. Introduction Economics is the social science that studies the way in which societies allocate their scarce resources to the production of goods and services that will meet your needs (always increasing). get all your updates about and The study of economics can be divided into two main camps. The theory of prices, or microeconomics, which explains how the interaction of supply and demand in markets with different levels of competition determine the prices of each property, the level of funds wages, profit margins and changes in income.
Microeconomy the assumption of rational behavior.
People spend their income trying to get the maximum satisfaction possible or, say economic analysts try to maximize their usefulness.
For their part, employers try to obtain the maximum benefit over its cost of production.
The second area of macroeconomics, understood the problems concerning the level of employment and the rate of income or income of a country.
The study of macroeconomics began with the publication of The General Theory on Employment, Interest and Money (1936), the British economist John Maynard Keynes.
Its findings on the stages of expansion and economic depression focus on aggregate demand or aggregate of goods and services by consumers, investors and governments.
According to Keynes, inadequate aggregate demand to generate employment, the investment solution would increase business investment or public spending, although this is necessary to have a budget deficit.
II. Major schools of economic thought over time
Economic issues have preoccupied many intellectuals throughout the centuries. ‘s head portfolio manager is holds an MBA In ancient Greece, Aristotle and Plato spoke on issues related to wealth, property and commerce. During the Middle Ages ideas were predominant in the Church, canon law was imposed, which condemned usury (charging interest abusive for cash) and believed that trade was a less than agriculture.
Economics, modern science as separate from philosophy and politics, dating from the publication of research work on the nature and causes of the wealth of nations
(more commonly known by the abbreviated title of the Wealth of Nations, 1776), Scottish philosopher and economist Adam Smith.
Mercantilism and the speculations of the preceding physiocrats classical economics of Smith and his followers in the nineteenth century.
The development of modern nationalism throughout the sixteenth century to divert attention from the thinkers of that time as to increase the wealth and power of national states.
The economic policies that prevailed at that time, the commercialism, promoting self-sufficiency of nations. This economic doctrine Impero in England and elsewhere in Western Europe since the sixteenth hedge funds century until the eighteenth century.
The mercantilist view that New York Stock Exchange the wealth of a nation depended on the amount of gold and silver to take. Apart from gold and silver mine discovered by Spain in the Americas, a nation could only increase its reserves of precious metals to sell more products to other countries in buying.
Getting a balance of payments surplus implies that other countries had to pay the difference between gold and silver.
The mercantilist assumed that his country would always be at war with others, or preparing for the next contest. If they had gold and silver, the leaders could pay mercenaries to fight, as did investment management King George III of England during the War of American Independence.
If necessary, the monarch could also buy weapons, uniforms and food for the soldiers. Jean. B. Colbert (1619-1683), minister of Louis XIV, institutionalized the export of French products to create gold and whose impact development on a very important industry gala.
This concern mercantilista to accumulate precious metals also affects the internal politics. It was imperative that wages were low and the population grows. Large populations and low-paid produce many goods at a price low enough to sell abroad. Forcing people to work long hours, and was considered a wasteful consumption of tea, gin, silk fabrics, among others.
This philosophy also showed that it stocks was good for the economy of a country child labor. Mercantilista an author had a plan for the children of the poor:
“When these children are four years, we must take refuge for the poor of the region, where they were taught to read for two hours a day, and they have NYSE the rest of the day working on tasks best suited to their age strength and capacity.
For the republic with just over 700-thousand population of 70,000 athletes and athletes – a considerable figure. coaches – piece goods Most Ossetians like freestyle wrestling (it deals with more than 8,5 thousand people) and football (almost eight thousand). Very popular basketball, volleyball, judo, taekwondo, Greco-Roman wrestling, karate, track and weightlifting, arm wrestling, weightlifting, wushu and gymnastics. With the advent of the first in Vladikavkaz in North Caucasus ice arena here began to develop figure skating. However, on the whole country until only one coach.
Gathered in Tbilisi to invite qualified, but the August war in South Ossetia and the subsequent rupture of diplomatic relations between Russia and Georgia broke those plans. Today, talking about development opportunities in the country has one of the winter Olympic sport – short-track. To this end, Ministry of Sports is looking for a specialist in China, where the Olympic short-track is very developed. Another young sport in North Ossetia began rowing slalom. A couple of years ago here and had no idea that in the vicinity of Vladikavkaz – perfect conditions for the development of this sport. Functionaries from Moscow were pleasantly surprised to see a bypass channel Terek, where you can hold competitions at the highest level. In the end, was held in Vladikavkaz, Russian championship in slalom.
And one of the first water trail tested Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov, who heads rowing federation of the country. In the past two years, in North Ossetia has passed several major international competitions and nationwide level – World Cup of freestyle wrestling, international and Russian tournaments fencing, equestrian triathlon, the primacy of Russia and the Russian Cup on weightlifting championship of Russia's Greco-Roman wrestling. On the way the youth of the country in judo championship to be held in early May. football – in Summit in mid-1990's Vladikavkaz Alania was on top of Russian football – became the national champion and twice won silver medals on several occasions been involved in European competition. The first president North Ossetia Galazov decided that football – the best cure for problems at the time. And he was right. Home matches Alania traditionally gathered 35000th audience, and during the games law enforcement agencies do not were no crimes. The next North Ossetian President Alexander , though was not as a fan of football, but made an effort to save the team in the Premiership. Tens of thousands of football fans – a reliable constituency. In 2005, investigators found in the statutes of "Alania" substantial violations and start the liquidation of the club. Football in North Ossetia, was on the verge of extinction. But here interfered with the republic's leadership. The head of North Ossetia, Teimuraz Mamsurov pledged to return the team to the elite of domestic football. Winter Alania acquired renowned coach Valeri Petrakov and several skilled players. Today, Vladikavkaz team is considered one of the favorites of the first division. Today, in North Ossetia, with a large hunting take up all that is connected with the sport, money and especially not spared. Local authorities understand that this is a win-win investment for the future. Yes, and the social factor is expensive. For Ossetians sport has become the opportunity of self-realization. For North Ossetia – a business card.