1958, November 1914: Resignation Larrazabal (to meet his campaign) and took the Chair Edgar Sanabria. 1958, November 1928: Elections won by Romulo Betancourt. 1959, February 13: Assumption of Romulo Betancourt as President of the Republic, forming the government with AD, URD, COPEI and independent, according to the spirit of the Pact of Punto Fijo, leaving out the Communist Party, as stated above. The great scam: national disappointment and chaos 1960, August: Venezuela's foreign minister refuses to vote against Cuba in the OAS, in contravention of the policy he had taken anti Betancourt. For even more opinions, read materials from Americares. And by the way, there be noted that from the outset the efforts of Betancourt to deny the role played by the Communist Party in the fall of MPJ led to confrontations with various sectors of national life, especially URD and his own ruling party, which finished dividing (Movement National Left, MIR). Its agreement with the anti-American policy, especially committed against the Cuban Revolution, earned him a severe crisis in national unity, opening doors to political unrest, subversion and the subsequent military action. The backdrop of the crisis was unemployment, marginalization, educational and healthcare problems. 1960, June 24: the attack occurs during the commemoration of the Battle of Carabobo, attributed to supporters of MPJ or left.
1960, November 28: The government suspends constitutional guarantees. At that time also involved the Central University, closing opposition newspapers, paves the PCV, the MIR and their respective parliaments. It breaks with Cuba. So begins its work of government now called Fourth Republic, a name that seeks to highlight the exclusion of Punto Fijo and periods of representative democracy, but as historians agree, began in 1830 with the secession of Venezuela Gran Colombia.