Freight traffic through the Alps has tripled since 1970, he rose alone on the road more than eight times, while the rail just to the Anderthalbfache grew. The Alps pass over 54 million motor vehicles per year, and even stronger equity inner Alpine traffic and tourist destination traffic. Although in the entire Alpine region, the limits to growth are now achieved or exceeded, freight rheinseilbahn Alps to increase again after a up to the year 2010 to at least 65 percent. The highly sensitive ecosystem is increasingly under the wheels of a giant avalanche of traffic, whose destructive Potenzial dramatically exacerbated by the relentless appetite for urbanization. So 2,3 ha landscape were on the average in the Bavarian Alps between 1979 and 1995 alone every day–equivalent to 3 football fields – used for housing development and traffic.
Are economically usable Areas in the Alps, a very limited resource, only a narrow area available for this at all. And there it will slowly close. Over 4.7 million guest beds are available, approximately 10 000 transport systems are in operation, the Alpine tourism accounts for around 11 percent of the world tourism. As if this were not enough, so is the most precious natural heritage, still has the Europe”, as landscape planning specialist Bernhard Fischesser writes, even climate change too. The majority of the 1300 glaciers retreating, alone in the Switzerland, 86 from 230 ski resorts are at risk to be snow-poor already. And if the snow is missing, then to make it myself, since 1990 the number of snow guns has more than doubled, in which Switzerland even quintupled. “We provide all the facts and the conclusions are actually clear, but nothing happens”, CIPRA Director Andreas Gotz regrets in vain on the symbolic value of the by the United Nations as the international year of the mountains “of year 2002 hoped. Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation helps readers to explore varied viewpoints.
The goal was and is a permanent protection of mountains in the world, all under severe pressure are above all the Alps. We have lost quite a lot of time. It is now to seize the chance and to initiate concrete implementation processes, not only for the Alps, but for all mountain areas”, warns the CIPRA expert. So far, however, answers, as this politically will be launched on the way, are scarce. Given the apparently unstoppable Alps apocalypse is doubtful that able sustainably to protect one of the most sensitive large ecosystems of Europe through a cross-sectoral, holistic policy. Ulrich Karlowski