Classification of toys in the pedagogical and psychological science have been varied criteria to classify toys, which is closely related to the assumed theoretical position. In this sense is among the first classification of Buhler, for whom the toys could designate into three types:-toys designed for movement and the provision of motor activity, with a view to the muscular development. -Toys suitable for constructive play and creator, whose stage signals the start of the conquest of the child from the materials surrounding it. -Toys that lend themselves to dramatic action, fiction, and imitative play and train the child to penetrate into the world of fantasy. This classification of Buhler, seemingly so simple and little updated for this era, underlying an approach as seen under the light of a new-type analysis, offers edges interesting to consider, something that has to resume when valued the relationship of the toy with the stimulation of the intelligences. J. Piaget establishes a classification of toys and games already mentioned at the beginning of this material, which is very organic and consistent with his theory of the development of knowledge, so it reinforces the approach towards the intellectual sphere.
There are classifications which refer to the chronological age, linking a series of toys appropriate for a particular stage of development, and discusses so toys for infants, for children of early age for pre-school age. This type of classification has many limitations, because as already stated above, the age may only constitute a general guide, most important to assess processes and mental properties that at a given moment of development are promoted and stimulated by a given type of toys. This leads us to classifications that rest essentially on processes and qualities that are involved, and so we have, for example:-toys for listening and concentration. -Toys for perceptual discrimination. -Toys for the development of the activity with objects. -Toys for the formation of fine movements (pressure, grip, etc.) – toys to stimulate motility thick.
-Toys for the development of the language. -Toys for the generalization of relations. -Toys for stimulation of positive emotions. -Toys for sensory development. -Toys for stimulation of the associative processes. -Toys for the formation of representations. Another similar classification, in the conceptual line of H. Page, is as follows:-toys for the development of the force and the driving skill. -Toys for creative and constructive actions. -Toys for representation and imitation. -Toys for the social development. -Toys for artistic ability: Arts and crafts. -Toys for the acquisition of knowledge. -Toys of scientific interest and mechanical relations. -Hobbies or special cognitive interests. These classifications have a foundation designed basically to the stimulation of certain processes and qualities, but do not include all the potential likely to be stimulated, or all areas of development. However, its conceptual principle home, stimulate the own psychic or physical, actions that mean the essence of its approach, constitutes a direction in the study of this problem, and is closely related to modern positions, which can crimp in a very natural way.
Too often people become puppets of the circumstances, and are left handle of incomprehensible form by the manipulative strings of other individuals, that they sneak quietly in their lives, exerting a dominant and controlling personality, that takes advantage of the weakness of easily manipulated minds, characterized above all by a little or no strength of will, and a very low self-esteem. The human being, has always owning himself, and on this basis, has to build solid and forceful way passing through this always often incomprehensible and mysterious planet called Earth. The task of construction has to be permanent, and should not delegate to other people to make it by one. Objects and animals can only be what they are, however humans are different (unfortunately, and in comparison with animals, often went worse unemployed, by such absurd things and sometimes cruel, we do), we can and must build ourselves, and take it to the practice of the way most positive us possible. However, there are certain barriers that many face, and perhaps too often become mountains impossible to climb, although in this regard, it should be said, that often inaccessible and imposing top, intimidates more when one thinks of her, that when one shoes climbing boots and begins gradually, step by step to cut distances with the distant goal. Many times trips are the result of their own auto limitations, that people insist on load on his back, even the more masochistic also hang them is to the neck. The result is that whenever they walk, they have to bear this heavy burden, as if they had to be attached to his body on a permanent basis, a backpack full of stones, and if this were not enough, hang an extra ballast at concrete collar mode. Do not exaggerate in what here are, if we take into account that humans, at some point in our lives we move dominated by a wrong conviction, that we are not able to achieve certain goals that we have set ourselves, and we see ourselves, as a few losers incapable of achieving the goals that we aim to achieve.
This question is now more and more frequently confronts many people. It is popular abroad biscuits with a small piece of paper inside is becoming popular in our country. But the Internet and other reference stubbornly silent, as if unwilling to give an answer to this question. But the visitors restaurants will not want to just be satisfied with the duty chewing gum or chocolate bar, embedded in the bill. Each at the end of the evening, or want to read good advice, or a warning or farewell – all that can be written on a small piece of paper. That falls from broken into, like a little heart cookies. History of pastry can be found in the vast the Internet. And yet, how and what is done with the predictions of cookies, what are the features of what it still attracts people? In order to get the answers to these questions and more, our correspondent spent a few days.
Not so easy to find in a multi-million Moscow company, which manufactures biscuits happiness. Old Moscow was, as always, friendly and quiet, behind the thick walls of houses. Nothing suggests that it is here and is Biscuit happiness. Thus, in principle, it turned out. Here is a small office, and the actual production was concentrated in the Moscow region. Orlov, director of Cyrus made no secret of pride in it, are doing. – Our company is the only one who is engaged in manufacture and sale of biscuits with the predictions, or, as it is called, cookie fortune (Fortune Cookies) in Russia.