Latin America

The Tarot is an exciting discipline and a research topic which has led to a large number of people, with different approaches to thinking, to make long searches on its origin and meaning. Nieman Lab has plenty of information regarding this issue. Occultists, philosophers, historians and psychologists have studied the Tarot cards and have tried to unravel its origins, coming to suggest a direct connection with other currents of esotericism, as the Egyptian occultism, the Cabala, Alchemy, magic and Sufism. There are many conjectures in this regard, and as in the esoteric, although much look, always achieve discern only a part; the rest is revealed to a few initiates, leaving all of these knowledges under the strictest secrecy. Secret transmission that served to preserve the art, to avoid religious persecution and also, to avoid circumvention of the skeptics. So far, what we know today is the Tarot decks exist and are used as game of cards and fortune-telling, with a traditional format that for centuries remains a practice very widespread in Europe from the 15th century. The Tarot has been practiced in all walks of life: from the courts more refined, until the popular classes, becoming the Roma people, with its well-known nomadism, and fondness for divination, who finally spread it throughout Europe and Latin America.

Previously playing cards had been used in the Muslim territory and settlements moors of Spain. Then appeared in Europe the common decks of the Mamluks of Egypt. In 1367 references appear in Switzerland over a game of cards with 52 cards, but without wildcards. From 1377, gave greater boom and diffusion in Europe of come down them.The Tarot cards were developed later, with a deck similar to the current one, but with 16 letters and his figures were Greek gods and four kinds of birds.Some attribute the origin of the Tarot cards to royalty Italian, others to influence Muslim and Gypsy in Spain. It is true that, as a game and form of divination decks were disseminated much from 1450 throughout Europe. The letters of Oldest Tarot that survive are those of the so-called Cary-Yale Tarot, (1442, Milan), with 66 letters.